Sword Encyclopedia by Swordis

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Hilt
The hilt comprises the handle, guard, grip, and pommel of a sword. It's essential for a wielder's grip, ensuring balance and control during combat or practice.
Scabbard
A sheath designed to house a sword's blade. The scabbard, often made of wood or leather, protects the blade from damage and the user from unintended injuries.
Koshirae
The term for a fully mounted Japanese sword. Koshirae encompasses the blade, its various fittings, and the scabbard, reflecting both aesthetic beauty and functional design.
Tsuba
A protective hand guard on Japanese swords, the Tsuba can be round, square, or other shapes. It safeguards the hand from the blade and deflects opposing strikes.
Hamon
The visible temper line on a Japanese sword blade. The Hamon results from differential heat treatment and showcases the blade's artistic and functional aspects.
Broadsword
A wide-bladed sword designed for slashing. Broadswords were prevalent in many cultures and are often associated with medieval European knights.
Tamahagane
A traditional Japanese steel used in the crafting of samurai swords. Tamahagane is made from iron sand and charcoal, resulting in a metal with varied carbon content, ideal for different parts of the blade.
Damascus Seel
A type of steel characterized by distinctive patterns resembling flowing water. Damascus steel blades are known for their toughness, edge sharpness, and unique aesthetics from repeated folding and forging.
Pommel
The counterweight at the end of a sword's hilt. The pommel balances the blade and can be used as a striking surface in close combat. Its design often complements the sword's overall aesthetics.
Battle Ready Sword
A sword designed for actual combat rather than decorative purposes. These swords are made with high-quality materials, properly tempered, and sharpened for effective use.
Zukuri
A term referring to the blade's shape and construction in Japanese swords. Different "Zukuri" types exist, like "Shinogi-Zukuri" or "Hira-Zukuri," each with unique profiles.
Hilt
Scabbard
Koshirae
Tsuba
Hamon
Broadsword
Tamahagane
Damascus Seel
Pommel
Battle Ready Sword
Zukuri

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